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NJIRM 2011   Vol  2  Issue 4

Page history last edited by Chinmay Shah 9 years, 10 months ago


­        National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine


(Open access peer reviewed Indexd Journal, eISSN : 0975-9840, pISSN:  2230 – 9969)

Table of Contents

NJIRM 2011; Vol. 2(4). October- December 






Relationship between Smoking and Pulmonary Functions



Dr Harkirat Kaur, Dr Richa Ghay Thaman, Dr Sukhjinder Kaur Dhillon, Saahiba Kaur



Prevalence of Uropathogens In Various Age Groups & Their Resistance Pattern In A Tertiary Care Hospital In Central India



Dr. Saurabh Jain, Dr.Rajesh Soni,Dr. Girish Bhuyar, Dr.H.Shah



Depression and Quality Of Life In Mothers Of Children With Cerebral Palsy

….11- 13


Dr Shraddha Diwan, Dr. Hetal Chovatiya, Dr Jasmin Diwan



A Histomorphological Study of Resected Mediastinal Tumors



Nitesh Mohan, Khalid Rashid, K.K. Sinha



Changing Prevalence of Iodine Deficiency Disorders in Bhavnagar District



Dr. Sanat Rathod, Dr. Dhiren Amin, Dr. Devang Raval, Dr. Vikas Doshi, Dr. MP Singh



Prevalence of Microalbuminuria in Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus



Bhaskar Thakkar, Khitij Arora, Ritesh Vekariya, Mohsin Lulania, A.S.Agnihotri



Usefulness of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in diagnosis of neck masses



Dr. Neelkamal Kapoor



Prevalence and Determinants of Anemia in Pregnancy at Private Hospital Of Bareilly District



Kiran Agarwal, Varsha chaudhary, V.K.Agrawal, Ashok Agarwal,Rajeev Kumar, Mahendra Sharma



Serum PSA level in Prostatic lesions with Histopathological correlation in Gujarat



Dr. Alpeshpuri P. Goswami, Dr. G. Rupala, Dr. Nutanbala N. Goswami



Prevalence of Diabetes and Pre-diabetes in Class III and Class IV Healthy Obese Employees of KIMS University, Maharashtra



Anjum K. Sayyed, Dr. Vilas U. Chavan, Dr. Nazir R. Attar , Dr. Satish Kakade,Dr. Sangita R. Patil, Dr. Ajit V. Sontakke



Feedback from Physiotherapy And Occupational Therapy Undergraduate Students On Teaching – Learning And Evaluation Methodology In Pharmacology



Dr. A. V. Karve, Dr. Pramod Pujari, Dr. Amit Jadhav



A Study of Hearing Thresholds at Speech and High Frequencies in Textile Workers



Dr Jayesh D Solanki, Dr Hemant B Mehta, Dr Pradyna A Gokhale, Dr Chinmay J Shah



A Comparative Study of Ossiculoplasty by Using Various Graft Materials



Dr Sushil Jha, Dr. Keyur Mehta, Dr Viral Prajapati,Dr. Deepak Patel, Dr. Pramod Kharadi



How Can We Prevent Birth of Fetus With Holoprosencephaly? Anatomical and Embryological Aspects of Holoprosencephaly.



Dr. Rajesh B. Astik , Dr. Urvi H. Dave



Study of Angle of Femoral Torsion in Western Region of India



Padma Varlekar, B.B. Gosai, S.K. Nagar, C. D. Mehta



Incidence of the Third Head of Biceps Brachii in Western Indian Population



Padma Varlekar, Nilam K. Meghatar, C. D. Mehta



Sexual Dimorphism of Bicondylar width of Femora



Pandya A. M., Singel T.C., Patel M.P. , Dangar K.P.



Detection and characterization of group A rotaviruses (RVA) detected in diarrhoeic children in Madhya Pradesh, central India



K M Chandrashekar, K Sharma, YP S Malik



Internet Based Study on Management of Functional Disabilities of Computer Users



Dr. Priyanshu V. Rathod, Dr. P. B. Thumar



Glucose Tolerance & Insulin Response in Patients with Hypertension



Dr.Deepak Parchwani, Dr. P. Narayan, Digisha Patel, Dr. S. P. Singh



Bacterial Diversity in Patients with Oral Ulceration in Behcet's Disease



Dr.Ali Ghalib Mutar Mahdi, Dr.Batool Mutar Mahdi



Involvement of Autonomic Nervous System in Isometric Handgrip in Healthy Young Subject



Dr. K. Kamal chand, Dr .CH. Srinivas, Dr.V. Rama devi



Health Affliction and Social Diligence of Slum Women



Dr. Vikas Doshi, Mitra Prabhakar, Dr. Vibha Gosalia



Profile of Burns Cases Brought For Post- Mortem Examination At Mortuary of Sir T. Hospital, Bhavnagar.



Dr. Rajani V. Bhagora, Dr. Jashwant A. Darji, Dr. Devendra N. Panchal, Dr. S.D. Kalele,Dr.Dhaval J.Parmar



Heart Rate Variability during meditation in Pranic Healers



Jaisri G, Dayananda G, Saraswathi Hegde, Sundaram C



Root coverage with free rotated papilla autograft using envelop technique



Dr. Ruchika Goyal, Dr. K. Meena Anand , Dr. David K.



Velamentous insertion of umbilical cord in twin pregnancy



Dr. Nitin Raithatha†, Dr. Milan Patel, Dr. Rakhee Patel, Dr. L N Chauhan††



Sarcomatous transformation in a conventional Giant cell tumour of femur



Dr.Sushma Rajesh Gulhane, Dr. Madhuri S. Kate



Prevalence of Goiter in the Children of 6-12 years in Porbandar district, Gujarat, India 



Dr. Ilesh Kotecha, Dr. Kailesh Bhalani, Dr. M. P. Singh,



Process Evaluation of Health and Nutrition Day (Mamta Day) in Urban Slum Areas of Bhavnagar Municipal Corporation



Dr. Ilesh Kotecha, Dr. M. P. Singh









Jadav H.R.,* Gautam R.S ***Pensi C.A **, Kariya V.B,**** ,Kodiyatar B.B***** Damor Naru *****





*             Professor, Anatomy Department, G.M.E.R.S Medical college, Gandhinagar

**           Professor, & Head , Anatomy Department,B.J. Medical College, Ahmedabad

***        Associate  professor, Anatomy Department , B.J.Medical College, Ahmedabad

****     Assistant Professorr, Anatomy Department, B.J.Medical College, Ahmedabad

*****   Tutor, Anatomy department, B.J.medical College, Ahmedabad







Medical education, day by day becomes more & more competitive. Students struggle hard to get admission in first M.B.B.S course. But there is a bit difference between 12th standard & medical course. Universities, Government & Medical council are thinking in terms of society & students interest. In this context, what the students think about medical education and particularly first year course is very interesting & important, in view of policy making.





KEY WORDS : Student . Medical . Anatomy. Teaching











Debate & discussion on various aspects of teaching anatomy is  continuously going on. Questions regarding lecture, tutorial, dissection & teaching methods  & teaching schedule are continuously discussed among anatomists & academicians. Even medical students have concern about various questions

                In this context, we decided to study & analyse  the same questions , which are talk of the field . And some interesting results were obtained




Randomly 100 first M.B.B.S students of B.J.Medical college were selected for the study. All students coming from various social & academic background. A questionare was prepared & students were asked to answer the questions .The answers were compiled & conclusion drawn




In reply to questions , very interesting answers were obtained. Some expected & some unexpected .

                36 % students hail from family having medical background.Somebody from their family was connected to medical profession. ( Table – 1 )

                Duration of first year course is also debatable. Earlier it was one & half year and then it was reduced to one year. Whatever may be the merits & demerits of this duration , but 65% students are in favour of one year course. Only 30 % preferred one & half year ( Table – 2 )

                Apron is the trademark of medical fraternity.and almost all students, 93%  said that apron should be must in laboratories & clinics ( table – 4 )

                Ratio of dissection table per students is almost 1 : 10 in most anatomy departments. & 67% studens opined that it was o.k.

                Time duration of lecture is also variable & debatable. Mostly lecture is of one hour duration . But half of the students 51% believed that lecture should be of 45 minutes, where as 35% believed that it should consists of one hour ( Table – 5 ). 68% students believed that there should not be more than 2 lectures a day, where as 26% were in favour of more than 2 lectures a day. ( Table – 6 )  Pre and post lunch lectures are always disliked by students & truly only 10% students were in favour of lectures at 12 & 2 p.m., where as 90% students rejected pre & post lunch lectures ( table – 7 )

                Method of teaching anatomy is also changing rapidly.day by day. Right from chalk & black board in old days to power point presentations in modern times. Whatever may be the advantages & disadvantages of l.C.D 75 % students prefer lectures on power point presentation.Chalk ^ board is still not out of fashion , 24% still love chalk & board.. ( Table – 10 ) 71% students believe that audiovisual aids are more beneficial in teaching. ( Table – 9 ) In an additional method of teaching, 43% students preferred  Group discussion, 37% quiz, 17% symposium & only 3% debate ( Table – 14 )

                Regarding examination, 58% students were in favour of M.C.Q type questions rather than  objectives . Only 23% choose long questions where as 11% choose short questions.. 91% students believe that M.C.Q should be included in theory papers. ( Table – 12 )

                It is said that those  students, coming from gujarati medium suffer a lot in English medium course in first M.B.B.S. But 75% students do not agree with this. They believe that english is not the hurdle in  learning anatomy. ( Table – 12 )

                Before few years, anatomy has the reputation of being toughest subject . But now Biochemistry is providing tough competition to anatomy.  47% believe that anatomy is hardest subject, where as 43%  consider Biochemisry as the toughest  subject. ( Table – 13 ). And hat’s why, 88% students confess that life has become more stressful because of anatomy.

                As far as dissection is concerned, certain regions are most favoured by students. 35% students enjoy  Thorax most, followed by  Brain 22%, Lower limb 15%, Upper limb 13%, Abdomen 12 % and Brain 3%.  Brain has been always a tedious region for students. ( Table – 8 ) But students prefer upper limb   ( 63% )  as the first region to be dissected, followed by Lower limb  ( 36% )  ( Table – 3 ).

                As far as preference for post graduation is concerned, the answer.  were different & variable. The branches which were most preferred were General medicine ( 15% ), Gynecology ( 10 % ) , General Surgery ( 10 % ) , Radiology ( 7% ), & Orthopedic ( 5% ).

                Interesting answer were also found ,when students were asked , why he / she joined medical college ? Some of them are :

  1. To serve people
  2. To be a Doctor
  3. High social status
  4. Interest
  5. To earn money
  6. Noble profession
  7. To become famous
  8. Parent’s suggestion
  9. Go enough marks to join medical






Table : 1. ( Medical profession )






Table : 2.  ( One year course ) 

Table : 3. (  First Region of choice )








Table : 4. ( Apron Compulsory ? )





Table : 5.  ( Lecture Duration )






Table : 6.  ( Lecture in a day )






Table : 7  ( Pre or Post lunch lecture )







Table :8.  ( Most enjoyed region  )






Table :  9.  ( Audio-Visual aids )




Table : 10.  ( Teaching method )



Table : 11 ( Exam Pattern  )







Table : 12. ( English- An obstruction ? )





Tale : 13  ( Tough Subject  )





Table : 14 ( Additional Method of teaching )







As said in introduction, the questions discussed here are very important as far as the study of anatomy is concerned. The answers have more value because, it is the student’s choice. They may be important while framing syllabus & exam scheme in first  M. B.B.S  course

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